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Prof. Dr. S.V. Zagraevsky



About the inadmissibility of demolition of the monument of industrial architecture

Apakov tram depot




The following text was translated from the Russian original by the computer program

and has not yet been edited.

So it can be used only for general introduction.




In 2004 the Moscow government decided to demolish the tram depot named after. Apakova (Shabolovka street, VL. 7-9). This place must be built 23-storey multifunctional complex with offices, a kindergarten, underground Parking and a shopping and entertainment area. Depot should have been demolished by 2008, but due to the economic crisis pushed the date of five years.

The total area of the plot occupied by the depot - about 3 hectares. Of these, approximately hectares tram turning circle. If you leave it, it lost about a third of the land plot that the investor is unlikely. Hardly the tenants of the future residential complex will suffer under their Windows roar of the tram wheels. Hence, the tram Shabolovka likely will be removed. This is all the more likely because the tram fleet in case of demolition of the depot them.

However, now the tram is a source of congestion not only on Dubininskaya street, but on Shabolovka, and at the Serpukhov Boulevard: trams move on General roadway, and in case of any problems or minor accident that blocked the way, are dozens of cars, and traffic is practically stopped. Therefore, the removal of tram Shabolovka and its replacement by a trolley seen more helpful than harmful. Tram, sadly this state - transport, moribund, and to stop the process of reducing the tram and rail network that passes since the 1950's, it is impossible.

But the elimination of the depot does not necessarily mean the demolition of its buildings. And such a drastic measure as proposed demolition, in respect of the object is seen as absolutely unacceptable.

The building of tram depot named after. Apakova - a monument of industrial architecture of the early twentieth century. Initially it was called Zamoskvoretsky and in 1923 he received the name of the driver-Bolshevik Platanova, and the delivery on the trams to the Kremlin ammunition in battles in October 1917. The main building and car sheds" (in the terminology of those years), 200 two-axle cars were built in 1908-1910 years, and the leading architect of the project was V.G. depot name Apakova should be preserved as a monument of architecture.

This monument should stand in a row of such classical constructions of industrial architecture, as Miusskaya tram Park (1874, floors built in 1912 V.G. Shukhov), Sokolnichesky police precinct with the watchtower (1884, architect M.K. Geppener), Andreevsky, Krasnoluzhsky bridges (1905-1907, architect A.N. Pomerantsev), bakhmetevsky garage (1927, architects K.S. Melnikov and V.G. Shukhov) etc.

The question of adaptation of buildings depot them. Apakova under new function has many solutions. Large internal space "wagon sheds with many separate entrances and are suitable for any exhibitions, and as a trading rows (why, for example, to move the demolished patent?), and devices in their recreational area with winter gardens... Possible and this compromise: you make the multifunctional residential complex the site of the former turning circle (it's a lot - about one hectare), and historical buildings depot them.

As they say, there is a silver lining: the economic crisis, set aside for a few years the demolition of the depot them. Apakova, gives us the chance to preserve the unique monument of industrial architecture, built by the great Russian engineer and architect V.G. Shukhov.





Zamoskvoretsky the tram fleet. 1910.


Zamoskvoretsky the tram fleet. 1910.



Depo them. Apakova. General view. In the left picture shows the overlap of car sheds.


Depo them. Apakova. General view. In the left picture shows the overlap of car sheds.



The main facade of an administrative building depot.


The main facade of an administrative building depot.



"Wagon sheds. Outside view.


"Wagon sheds. Outside view.



"Wagon sheds. Inside view.


"Wagon sheds. Inside view.


Moscow, 2009.

SV Zagraevsky 2009


Note the end 2009. By sending in a few instances the next letter on the inadmissibility of the demolition of the monument of industrial architecture - the tram depot named after. Apakova, I received a response. It seems that defenders of the historic environment and architectural monuments of Moscow won - small scale of the city, but very serious (although, unfortunately, not final) on the scale of a particular monument.

Here is the text of the reply.


The Government Of Moscow

The Department of transport and communications of Moscow

No 61-04-4674/9 from 06.11.2009


The Chairman of the Professional Union of artists,

Professor, doctor of architecture Zagraevsky SV


Dear Mr. Wolfowitz!


In accordance with Your address on 14.09.09, the address of the Mayor of Moscow, Y.M. Luzhkov, about inadmissibility of the demolition of the monument of industrial architecture - the tram depot named after. Apakova, located on the address: Shabolovka street, VL. 7-9, Department of transport and communications of the city of Moscow together with the Moscow heritage Committee (moskomnasledie has discussed the matter and informs about the following.

The rebasing of the tram depot named after. Apakova carried out according to the orders of the Government of Moscow from 07.04.09, 607-RP and dated 31.10.05, 2171-RP, which defined the list of activities required to transform the depot, with the subsequent release of the territory from production areas. However on this site remains "governing body Zamoskvoretskaya tram depot, 1910., the architect. M.N. Gleaning" (street Shabolovka, D. 9, page 3).

In accordance with the conclusion of Moskomnaslediya from 14.10.09, 16-02-1916/7-(4)-1, revealed object of a cultural heritage - building No.3 is subject to scientific restoration. In these works Moskomnaslediye issued plan (restoration) project (from g 16-03/1779).

On the territory adjacent to the building 3 address: street Shabolovka, D. 9, based on the conclusion of Moskomnaslediya, are of low buildings 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.

The demolition of listed buildings of little value, as not having an independent historical and architectural value, authorized by the Commission on the conservation of buildings in the historical areas of Moscow (minutes 2 of 31.11.06 year).

However, according to information from Moskomnaslediya, in accordance with the historical and architectural research carried out by the "Centre of the historical-architectural researches" 2004. and agreed by the Main Department of protection of monuments of Moscow in 2005., building 5 - the former building of the garage and foundry workshops, and parts of buildings 7 - the former checkpoint-gatehouse recommended variant conservation with the possible recreation of the principles of regeneration.


Deputy head of Department

I. Tkach


Sergey Zagraevsky


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