Prof. Dr. S.V. Zagraevsky
About the inadmissibility of demolition of the monument of industrial architecture –
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In 2004 the
The total area of the plot occupied by the depot -
However, now the tram is a source of congestion not only on
But the elimination of the depot does not necessarily mean the demolition of its buildings. And such a drastic measure as proposed demolition, in respect of the object is seen as absolutely unacceptable.
The building of tram depot named after. Apakova - a monument of industrial architecture of the early twentieth century. Initially it was called Zamoskvoretsky and in 1923 he received the name of the driver-Bolshevik Platanova, and the delivery on the trams to the Kremlin ammunition in battles in October 1917. The main building and car sheds" (in the terminology of those years), 200 two-axle cars were built in 1908-1910 years, and the leading architect of the project was V.G. depot name Apakova should be preserved as a monument of architecture.
This monument should stand in a row of such classical constructions of industrial architecture, as Miusskaya tram Park (1874, floors built in 1912 V.G. Shukhov), Sokolnichesky police precinct with the watchtower (1884, architect M.K. Geppener), Andreevsky, Krasnoluzhsky bridges (1905-1907, architect A.N. Pomerantsev), bakhmetevsky garage (1927, architects K.S. Melnikov and V.G. Shukhov) etc.
The question of adaptation of buildings depot them. Apakova under new function has many solutions. Large internal space "wagon sheds with many separate entrances and are suitable for any exhibitions, and as a trading rows (why, for example, to move the demolished patent?), and devices in their recreational area with winter gardens... Possible and this compromise: you make the multifunctional residential complex the site of the former turning circle (it's a lot - about one hectare), and historical buildings depot them.
As they say, there is a silver lining: the economic crisis, set aside for a few years the demolition of the depot them. Apakova, gives us the chance to preserve the unique monument of industrial architecture, built by the great Russian engineer and architect V.G. Shukhov.
Zamoskvoretsky the tram fleet. 1910.
Depo them. Apakova. General view. In the left picture shows the overlap of car sheds.
The main facade of an administrative building depot.
"Wagon sheds. Outside view.
"Wagon sheds. Inside view.
SV Zagraevsky © 2009
Note the end
Here is the text of the reply.
The Government Of
The Department of transport and
No 61-04-4674/9 from 06.11.2009
The Chairman of the Professional Union of artists,
Professor, doctor of architecture Zagraevsky SV
Dear Mr. Wolfowitz!
In accordance with Your
address on 14.09.09, the address of the Mayor of Moscow, Y.M. Luzhkov,
about inadmissibility of the demolition of the monument of industrial
architecture - the tram depot named after. Apakova, located on the address:
The rebasing of the
tram depot named after. Apakova carried out according to the orders of the
Government of Moscow from 07.04.09, ¹ 607-RP and dated 31.10.05, ¹ 2171-RP,
which defined the list of activities required to transform the depot, with the
subsequent release of the territory from production areas. However on this site
remains "governing body Zamoskvoretskaya tram depot,
In accordance with the conclusion of Moskomnaslediya from 14.10.09, ¹ 16-02-1916/7-(4)-1, revealed object of a cultural heritage - building No.3 is subject to scientific restoration. In these works Moskomnaslediye issued plan (restoration) project (from g ¹ 16-03/1779).
On the territory adjacent to the building ¹ 3 address: street Shabolovka, D. 9, based on the conclusion of Moskomnaslediya, are of low buildings¹¹ 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
The demolition of
listed buildings of little value, as not having an independent historical and
architectural value, authorized by the Commission on the conservation of
buildings in the historical areas of
However, according to
information from Moskomnaslediya, in accordance with the historical and
architectural research carried out by the "Centre of the
Deputy head of Department
© Sergey Zagraevsky