Prof. Dr. S.V. Zagraevsky
About the inadmissibility of demolition of the monument of industrial architecture –
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In 2004, the Moscow government decided to demolish the tram depot them.
Shabolovka, ow. 7-9). This place should be built
23-storey multifunctional complex with offices, a kindergarten, underground
parking and shopping and entertainment area. Depot should have been
demolished by 2008, but due to the economic crisis pushed the date for five
Total land area occupied by the depot - about 3 acres. Of these, approximately hectares of tram reversal circle. If you leave it, it lost about a third of the site that the investor is unlikely. It is unlikely that the tenants of the future residential complex will suffer under their windows roar of the tram wheels. So, with the tram Shabolovka likely will be removed. More likely, because barn in case of demolition of the depot. Apakova will be transferred to other depots, and dramatically increase the load of railway network: in order to reach Shabolovka, trams will pass the bridge and Novospassky Dubininskaya street, where hours-long traffic jams and standing in the context of existing traffic flows.
However, now the tram - the source of congestion, not only on Dubininskaya street, but in Shabolovka, and at the Serpukhov Boulevard: Tram moving on the overall roadway and in the event of any malfunction or petty accidents in blocking the way, lining up dozens of cars, and the motion is practically stops. Therefore, the removal of the tram with Shabolovka and its replacement by a trolley seen more helpful than harmful. Tram, sadly this state - transport, moribund, and stop the process of reducing the tram and rail network that passes since 1950, is impossible. And in this sense, the elimination of the depot. Apakova - in any case only a matter of time.
But the elimination of the depot does not necessarily mean the demolition of its buildings. And so radical a measure as the proposed demolition, in respect of the object seen is absolutely unacceptable.
The building of a tram depot. Apakova - a monument of industrial architecture of the early twentieth century. Initially it was called Zamoskvoretsky barn and in 1923 received the name of driver-Bolshevik PL Apakova, ride the trams to the Kremlin ammunition during the October fighting in 1917. Main Building and wagon sheds (in the terminology of those years) for 200 two-axle cars were built in 1908-1910, respectively, and the leading architect of the project was VG Shukhov, the author of many engineering and architectural monuments of world importance, including the nearby tower (originally radio tower) in Shabolovka. The red-brick main building of the depot embodies the spirit of classical promarhitektury his time, but the large glass ceiling "wagon sheds" absolutely unique. They provide a low thermal losses, combined with good insolation and ventilation of internal space, the optimal flow of rain, snow removal easy, and just highly aesthetic. Before our time has come not so much the great buildings of the architect-engineer Shukhov (for example, of two hundred and aligned them to the steel mesh hyperboloid radiobashen survived only about twenty), and the depot name Apakova should be preserved as a monument of architecture.
This memorial should stand in a row, and such famous works of industrial architecture, as Miusskaya carbarn (1874, floors built in 1912 by VG Shukhov) Sokolnicheskaya police station with a watch-tower (in 1884, architect, MK Geppener) Andrew and Krasnoluzhsky Bridges (1905-1907 years, the architect AN Pomerantsev) Bakhmetevsky garage (1927, architects KS Melnikov and Shukhov), etc.
The question of adapting the buildings of the depot. Apakova a new function has many options for solutions. Large internal space "wagon sheds" with lots of separate entrances and are suitable for any exhibitions, and as sales of the series (why, for example, to move the demolished patent!), And devices in their recreational area with winter gardens ... Chance and a compromise: to provide a multifunctional residential complex area of the former turning circle (it's a lot - about hectare), and historical buildings of the depot. Apakova preserve and repurpose: administrative building - under the office complex, a "wagon sheds" - a recreation, exhibition or trade functions.
As the saying goes, every cloud has a silver lining: the economic crisis, postponed for several years, the demolition of the depot. Apakova, gives us a chance to preserve the unique monument of industrial architecture, built by the great Russian engineer and architect, VG Shukhov.
Zamoskvoretsky barn. 1910.
Depo them. Apakova. General view. In the left picture shows the overlap of "wagon sheds.
The main facade of the administrative building depot.
"Wagon sheds. Exterior.
"Wagon sheds. View from inside.
Note the end
of 2009 sent in another letter to several instances of non-demolition of the
monument of industrial architecture - the tram depot them. Apakova I
received a reply. It seems that defenders of the historic environment and architectural
monuments of Moscow won - a small scale of the city, but very serious (although
so far, unfortunately, not the final) on the scale of a particular monument.
Here is the text of the response.
The Department of Transport and Communications of Moscow
№ 61-04-4674 / 9 of 06.11.2009
Chairman of the Professional Union of Artists,
Professor, Doctor of Architecture ZAGRAEVSKY SV
Dear Sergey Volfovich!
In accordance with your address on 14.09.09, the address of the Mayor of Moscow YM Luzhkov on the inadmissibility of demolition of the monument of industrial architecture - the tram depot them. Apakova located at: ul. Shabolovka, ow. 7-9, the Department of Transport and Communications of Moscow with the Moscow Heritage Committee to work out this issue and inform the following.
Relocation of the tram depot. Apakova carried out according to orders of the Government of Moscow dated 07.04.09, № 607-RP and on 31.10.05, the number 2171-RP, which contains a list of activities necessary to transform the depot, with the subsequent release of the territory of production space. At the same time from the land remains "Governing body Zamoskvoreche tram depot, 1910, architect. MN Gleyning "(st. Shabolovka, d. 9, p. 3).
In accordance with the conclusion of 10/14/2009, the Moskomnaslediye № 16-02-1916/7- (4) -1, identification of objects of cultural heritage - building № 3 is subject to scientific restoration. In these works Moskomnaslediye granted a regular (restoration) job (from 08.06.06.g. № 16-03/1779).
In the territory adjacent to the building number 3, address: Str. Shabolovka, 9, on the basis of the conclusion Moskomnaslediye, are not valuable building number number 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
Demolition of listed buildings of little value, as not having an independent historical and architectural value, is allowed on the Commission on the Conservation of buildings in the historical areas of Moscow (protocol № 2 of 11.31.2006 town).
However, according to the Moscow Heritage Committee, in accordance with the historical and architectural studies, performed "Center Historical urban studies in 2004 and coordinated by the Office of the Chief of the monuments of Moscow in 2005, building number 5 - the former garage building and foundries, and parts of buildings № 7 - formerly continuous-lodge recommended for the conservation of the variant with the possible re-establishment of the principles of regeneration.
Deputy Head of Department
© Sergey Zagraevsky