Dr. Sergey Zagraevsky
About “self-repayment” of museums
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The following text was translated from the Russian original by the computer program
and has not yet been edited.
So it can be used only for general introduction.
The need for this conversation is long overdue, but the immediate "catalyst" was a situation which at first glance seems strange. But only at first glance.
Have to start from afar. In 1956, the party and the government" has made a decision on arrangement unsightly vacant lot opposite the main entrance to the Park of Culture, and it was decided to build on Krymsky Val "Park of Arts". Development of the project was entrusted to the staff of the Studio-school of academician zholtovskogo. After his death in 1959, the team led the authors Yuri sheverdyaev and now still alive Nicholas Sukoyan.
Originally planned construction of two buildings:
one whole under the halls of the Tretyakov gallery,
and the second - under the exhibition halls of the Union of artists of the
Why not build a second building - there are two conflicting versions. According to one of them, it overlaps the so-called "produh" green wedges formed Neskuchny gardens, parks of Culture and reaching almost to the factory "Red October". According to another version, more prosaically: in a separate building just don't have enough money.
In fact, both versions of several dubious: "produh" has been thoroughly blocked the Garden Ring, and the state of Soviet artists" usually helps... But anyway, at the junction of the fifties and sixties, it was decided to merge the Central house of artists and the new halls of the state Tretyakov gallery under one roof, and about to 1962, the project of the huge building was ready. It took two-thirds of the state Tretyakov gallery and the third - CHA, so we will call it simply - Home.
Moscow-river - not the
On the smooth facade of the House will be installed sculptural reliefs symbolizing... no, not the unity of the labour proletariat and collective farmers, and quite canonical muses. Competition for their manufacture have won brilliant monumentalists Alla Pologova, Tatyana Sokolova and Andrey Vasnetsov. Moreover, the foam were made life-size model was even made to test the installation, but then again it is not "grow together", and again there are two versions: a prose - not enough money, political - banned ideologues.
However, paradoxically, the first version is preferable. The thing is that put forward by the slogan of the cost of construction, effective on the five-story building, has resulted in a unique House funds allocated... on the basis of typical prices per cubic meter volume of concrete structures. Architects have to say a huge thank you at least for the fact that they are in such tight financial conditions have been able to build a House.
They built a long and painful, and only in 1975 opened CHA. Ten years later, in 1985 - the Tretyakov gallery. Muscovites remember when on the place of the halls of the state Tretyakov gallery, which was financed by the state budget, was still only laid the Foundation, and the USSR artists ' Union, more quickly raspolagavshejsya means of khudfond already finished the construction of its part of the House almost to the roof.
Built in the principle of monotonous facades of the House was supposed
to set off a stormy green - Park was planned as an analog of the
This status quo has developed in the mid-nineties, while... And here we turn to our immediate subject.
The matter is that about the same time, in the mid-nineties, somewhere
deep in the bowels of the Ministry of culture of the
What does this mean in practice?
Muscovites remember the exhibition in the
- Steal? - asked the character of
The recent theft of Hermitage paintings of the French artist Jean known to all. But few people know that in this day and protection of the Museum was put something like a plan "Interception", that is, all outgoing officers "to inspect". The picture of Jerome not found, but during the day it was discovered 5 values handed down from the Museum! Special sanctions followed. Someone ripped off in time inventory number and announced that brought the Museum's own curiosity (I wonder why?), and now it is now going to take her home.
In principle, every Museum should be reserved for those or other custodian, for which he is liable. But in the same Hermitage tens of thousands of exhibits savers do not have. Slightly better situation in other museums - in fact, exhibits many small savers, and the salary of the Keeper... from 2000 up to 2500 rubles, that is from 70 to 90 dollars a month.
Those who raise a hand to throw a stone in a Museum? Few
people. But in the heads of state, scoff at those who retain a great
spiritual heritage of
But no! Officials from culture just talk and have their own health: the continuously to go begging in the state and the city Duma, to the President and to the mayor, to remind about their existence and seek to increase funding, allow me a lot of museums self-sufficient! We have a democracy and pluralism, so let him survive as best they can!
And what have the House on Krymsky Val? Here's the answer. Two-three years ago the Director of one of the commercial structures, leasing from the state Tretyakov gallery square, has left on a management of the Tretyakov gallery with the "initiative": I supposedly there investor, let's build in the courtyard of the hotel, restaurant and office complex!
Anyone with a little bit of a prestigious building in
I emphasize - the mayor of
This "prove" in words like: "...This is one of the most mediocre buildings of the city, which might not be so bad if it had not been so great and not there would be for such a prominent place" (Nikolay Malinin, "Nezavisimaya Gazeta").
At this Grigory Revzin
in Kommersant reasonable objection: "it is not
clear what happens. It is a good, clean modern building. The
Museum, by the way. No boiler room. Suddenly someone is ripe
dissatisfaction - and most respected wizard rushed to work. In
But it is unclear intelligent person, in consideration of the moral and aesthetic aspects of the issue. In the context, so to speak, service to God. And those who serve mammon, another system of values, and they all understand something: have a chance to earn! It seems to be beneficial to all, for a hypothetical investor's profits, and for TG "recovery", and for the city of profit (hotels, restaurants and offices, unlike museums, pay taxes).
Forgot just about Art.
Forgot about the fact that none of the projects that won the competition, may not provide for uninterrupted operation of the state Tretyakov gallery and the Central house of artists during the reconstruction! The project of Evgeny AssA offers a simple oblitsevat House mirror glass and put a turn around the wooden columns was not too cheap, it had not paid.
Forget about the fact that the availability of the hotel in the middle of the Tretyakov gallery creates an atmosphere that is fundamentally different from the temple. Yes, these are not empty words! Art is a temple, and a visit to the Museum - a kind of ritual. That is how his childhood and takes most people. And the merchants from the temple were expelled two thousand years ago. However, attempts to return, they never leave, and the proof is absurd and criminal museums offer "pay for themselves".
Lost and the fact that today the state Tretyakov
gallery exhibition "Art of XX century" - the best in
Lost and the fact that closing the CHA and does turn into a real
tragedy. Today it is the only in
But the artist in
However, all the above can "disprove": this is what our government does not like artists? There Tsereteli, Shilov and Glazunov pump from the budget of millions of dollars! And the rest may write for the needs of power, you see, and they get anything!
In these terrible grip - on the one hand the market, with another official - the art of doing nothing. Until recently, the chance of survival true creators gave the museums, but they have now, then, "self-sufficiency". So, in place of the House in Krymsky Val will rise office-hotel complex, and around it will be empty remains exhibition halls, in which for the time of reconstruction of the audience, of course, the road will forget.
On the Navy command is: "to Save on power." It is given to the captain when the ship is sinking, and all the boats in the battle defeated. In fact, such a command given by the Russian government Russian art. No sooner do?
© Sergey Zagraevsky