Prof. Dr. S.V. Zagraevsky
Photogallery of the most serious violations of historical environment
The following text was translated from the Russian original by the computer program
and has not yet been edited.
So it can be used only for general introduction.
Arriving to Sergiev Posad, willy-nilly, is set to a special, romantic
mood. After all, waiting for a meeting with the history of Russia and with many remarkable monuments of ancient architecture. But what we are met at the
entrance to the city? Well if only "new
Russian" cottages - they have even a relatively small number of storeys. And when the fields, woods and
one-two-story building suddenly sticking huge typical new building (pictured
right) - then what sort of romance, then what sort of aesthetic ...
Next to this newly erected buildings are visible Soviet era. They are certainly no less unsightly, but they have at least a different scale.
Wide panorama has already risen above the Lavra of the Assumption Cathedral. You'll see, soon rise above the belfry.
Once in the main square were seen endless fields - the famous "Zagorski given. That's what kind of opens in this direction now.
Vista Street 1-Second Shock Army from the historic center is also blocked by a newly erected ...
... And the prospect of our main street - Avenue of the Red Army - from the historical center in the direction of Moscow is also blocked. This is a new retail and office center "Sergiev Posad" near the station and seemingly far from the monastery. And the stories in it seems to be relatively few - five or six. It seems to be. But this building is situated on the mountain, but at this point prospect makes a turn ... So this is what we see. How is a visual landscape analysis in the construction, we can only guess.
The same can only guess, and when viewed from the monastery church at Vvedensky Podol.
That is about the very ugly, buildings still is present near the Lavra (to the north and north-west of its walls). Of course, it must be gentle.
But all must be the measure. Here it is clearly not observed ("residential complex" in the street. Favorskogo, 1).
And one of the houses in this "residential complex" supposedly stood on tiptoe to get out of his windows was visible Lavra. I remember: "And from our window is visible to the Red Square. These words from a poem by Sergei Mikhalkov, have long been the motto of the Moscow builders and realtors, which led to a significant increase in number of floors in the heart of Moscow. They lead to similar consequences in Sergiev Posad.
Not receiving proper window, from which visible Lavra - so get "VELUX" in the attic so that's terrible (prosp. Red Army, 140 / 1).
However, someone has got to build and a "New Russian cottage" in the center, including the historic city building. Of course, visible from the windows Laurus, what else?
This farmstead Trinity-Sergius monastery next to the church Resurrection (and Paul). Then they "rest house" in the heart of Sergiev Posad. Even the pine trees rustle under windows ...
And so that's "reinforcement area" built around the recently renovated (actually svezhevystroennoy) "Old Monastery Hotel. The photo shows only the first two rows of grids, followed by several more ...
One of the gratings fenced off from the hotel "White Pond. In the end we got a situation "neither myself nor the people": half the pond was lost for the citizens (before it was possible to walk around the entire body of water), but at the hotel guests access to the water either. And as for "aesthetics" turned out - almost a prison ...
However, and this' prison aesthetics, "not far to seek. Prospect of the Red Army, 58. In Soviet times, Sergiev Posad "prison castle" of barbed wire were far less (or more accurately, it was not visible from the street), and he did not catch the eye: the building of a building, for quite good, although a high fence. And now all those endless coils of wire joyfully greeted tourists who come to Sergiev Posad, Moscow.
But such a fence - behind the church Resurrection (and Paul). Another reinforcement area ...
Samu church was restored and put in order. Only now with the pipes of heating and ventilation overdid: their number passes all bounds ...
Even the drum and the bulk of the temple these pipes go. Yes, and fire escape supplements "aesthetic" experience ...
Another "aesthetic" sight: ugly parking and shelters directly under the walls of the monastery, under the newly restored Kalisz tower.
This "new Russian" building in the center (prosp. Red Army, 142-144) is very similar to any bank. Indeed, until the end of 1990 there was a Unikombank. Once the bank rested in Bose, the building was reconstructed and given Sergiev-Posad Museum-Reserve. Bank does not, but the spirit remains - in architecture, and in commercial advertising in the front grilles. Interestingly, the money for advertising are going to the museum or somewhere else?
Besides that the main squares of small Russian towns, new monuments (in this case - Sergey Radonezhsky, the left side of photo) side by side with monuments to Lenin (at the right edge of photo), all have become accustomed. Moreover, for contemporary Russia is quite symbolic. In the words of art critic William Meyland, memorial monument eye will not pick out.
But the memorial monument of discord. When the sculptor Valentin Chuharkin (1937-2005) vayal this monument, he stood up (or was placed by the customer) before the problem: as you know, Radonezh lived in donikonianskuyu age and was baptized dvoeperstiem. In modern Russian Orthodox Church adopted troeperstie and dvoeperstie - y "competitors", the Old Believers. It turns out, as it is now customary to say, "politically incorrect".
Probably could get around this problem by inventing a monument to some other formulation of hands, except the sign of the cross. But the sculptor and the customer is not looking for easy ways and decided to combine in a single gesture dvoeperstie and troeperstie.
And get something a "textbook knowledge-Novorussky" gesture with his fingers ...
... Whether banal flick on the nose or forehead.
In Soviet times, in order to make a statue of Lenin, needed a special "tolerance", which gave the most 'trusted' sculptors, so that the image of the leader inadvertently being tarnished by some anecdotal gesture. As can be seen, Radonezh in this regard are less fortunate than Lenin.
Again, sad symbols: not whether the future state, society and the church relate to Sergiev Posad just as frivolous as reacted to perpetuate the memory of its founder?
Москва, 2009 г.
© Sergey Zagraevsky