Prof. Dr. S.V. Zagraevsky
Photogallery of the most serious violations of historical environment
The following text was translated from the Russian original by the computer program
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So it can be used only for general introduction.
Arriving to Sergiev Posad, Willy-nilly, is set to special, romantic mood. After all, waiting for a meeting with the history of Russia and with many remarkable monuments of ancient architecture. But what we are met at the entrance to the city? Well if only "new Russian" cottages - they have even a relatively small number of storeys. And when the fields, woods and one-two-storey building suddenly sticking huge typical new building (pictured right) - what kind of romance, what kind of aesthetics...
Next to this newly erected buildings are visible Soviet time. They are certainly no less unsightly, but they have at least a different scale.
The wide panorama of new buildings has already risen above the Lavra's Dormition Cathedral. Maybe, soon higher than the bell tower rises.
Once in the main square were seen endless fields - the famous "Zagorski given. That's what kind of offer in this direction now.
The prospect street 1st Shock army from the historic centre is also blocked by a new building...
And the prospect of the Central streets of the city - Avenue of the red army from the historical centre in the direction of Moscow is also blocked. This is a new shopping and office centre "Sergiev Posad near the railway station and seemingly far from the monastery. And the stories in it seems to be relatively little - five-six. Sort of. But this building stands on the mountain, but the prospect makes a turn... so this is what we see. As a visual landscape analysis in the construction, we can only guess.
The same can only guess, and when viewed from the monastery on the presentation Church in Podil.
That is about the very ugly, buildings still present near the Lavra (to the North and North-West of its walls). Of course, it must be gentle.
But all must be a measure. Here it is clearly not met ("residential complex on the street Favorsky, D. 1).
And one of the houses in this "residential complex" supposedly stood on tiptoe so that it was visible Lavra. Remember: "And from our window is visible to the Red square". These words from a poem by Sergey Mikhalkov has long been the motto of the Moscow builders and realtors, which has led to a significant increase in the number of storeys in the center of Moscow. They lead to similar consequences in Sergiev Posad.
Not receiving proper window, from which visible Lavra - so get "VELUX" so that's terrible attic (Ave. of the red army, 140/1).
However, someone has got to build and a "new Russian cottage in the centre, including the historic city building. Of course, with views of the Lavra, what else?
And this metochion of the Trinity-Sergius monastery near the Church of the Resurrection (and Paul). Such is "the rest house" in the center of Sergiev Posad. Even the pine trees rustle under Windows...
And so that's "fortified" built around the recently renovated (actually svezhevystroennoy) "Old monastery hotel. The photo shows only the first two series of lattices, followed by several more...
One of the gratings fenced off from the hotel "White pond. The result was a situation of "neither myself nor the people": half of the pond was lost for citizens (previously it was possible to walk around the entire water area), but at the same time the guests of the hotel sea too. And as for "aesthetics" was almost a prison...
However, and this "prison aesthetics" are not far to seek. The prospect of the red army, 58. In Soviet times, on the Sergiyev Posad "prison castle" barbed wire was much smaller (or rather, she was not visible from the street), and he never caught the eye: the building is like a building, for quite decent, albeit by a high fence. And now all these endless coils of wire joyfully greeted tourists who come to Sergiev Posad, Moscow.
But such a fence is behind the Church of the Resurrection (and Paul). Another reinforcement area...
The Church was restored and put in order. Only now with the pipes of heating and ventilation overdid: their number exceeds all limits...
Even in the drum and the bulk of the temple of these pipes go. Yes, and fire escape supplements "aesthetic" experience...
Another "aesthetic" spectacle: the unsightly and uncomfortable Parking right under the walls of the monastery, under the newly renovated Kalichya tower.
This "new Russian" building in the centre (Ave. of the red army, 142-144) is very similar to any Bank. Indeed, until the late 1990-ies there was a Unikombank. After the Bank rested in Bose, the building was reconstructed and given Sergiev-Posad Museum-reserve. The Bank is gone, but the spirit remains - in architecture, and in commercial advertising on the front grilles. Interestingly, money for advertising are going to a Museum or somewhere else?
To the fact that the main squares of small Russian towns, new monuments (in this case - Sergius of Radonezh, the left side of the photo) side by side with monuments to Lenin (at the right edge of the photo), we are accustomed to. Moreover, modern Russia is quite symbolic. As said art critic William Mayland, memorial monument eye will not pick out.
But the memorial monument strife. In the traditional iconography Sergius of Radonezh portrayed gray old man with high wise forehead...
...Here sculptor Valentin Charkin (1937-2005) sculpted the statue is very lush hair and made your back perfectly straight, only his head slightly bowed.
The sculptor tried to give his "Sergius the impression of age, having made the deep wrinkles on the forehead and "bags" under the eyes. But in the absence of the statue of other signs of aging (wrinkles around the eyes, on the cheeks and hands, hunched back and so on), the result was dark, and cross-looking tired low-browed man of middle age, absolutely not suitable neither traditional iconography, neither light the way of the monk.
In Soviet times, in order to carve a statue of Lenin, it was required special "tolerance", which gave the most "trusted" sculptors, so that the image of the leader did not deviate from the approved "canons". As you can see, Radonezh in this respect are less fortunate than Lenin.
Again, sad symbols: not whether the future state, society and the Church relate to Sergiev Posad just as frivolous as reacted to perpetuate the memory of its founder?
Ìîñêâà, 2009 ã.
© Sergey Zagraevsky