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Sergey Zagraevsky

 

Architecture of North-Eastern Russia

of the end of XIIIearly XIV c.

 

Published in Russian: .. - XIII XIV . .: -, 2003. ISBN 5-94025-046-7

 

The book formed the basis for a dissertation for the degree of Ph. D. in Architecture, specialty 18.00.01 ("Theory and history of architecture, restoration and reconstruction of historical and architectural heritage ") 

 

Introduction

Chapter I. The epoch of Dmitry Donskoy?

Chapter II. The epoch of Daniil of Moscow and his sons

Chapter III: Tver Grand Duchy

Chapter IV. The epoch of ambitious economy

Conclusion

Applications, notes

 

Conclusion

 

Attention!

The following text was translated from Russian original by the computer program

and has not yet been edited.

So it can be used only for general introduction.

  RUSSIAN VERSION

  

 

So, in actual fact "dark time" in the history of ancient architecture is not so evil. In total, we were able to identify sixteen stone temples, built in the end of XIII century to the first third of the XIV century (see item 3 of the main 4), and in this number we have not included the controversial assumption Cathedral of the founding of the monastery.

The Nikolskaya Church in Kamenskoye, the upper and lower churches in Gorodnya reached us in a fairly high degree of preservation. The Church of Boris and Gleb in Rostov, St. Nicholas Church (Staro-Nikolsky Cathedral) in Mozhaisk, the Church of John the Baptist in the Settlement and the Uspensky Cathedral Ivan Kalita we have a sufficient amount of archaeological and documentary information in order with any degree of confidence to judge about the peculiarities of the external appearance, construction equipment and construction of these monuments. About the other churches of that time (except cathedrals in Tver and the Church in Staritsa) we can say that we are known for their architectural style and it is also very much.

And based on what we know about the architecture of this period, we may say that in the most difficult times of the Mongol yoke of North-Eastern Russia has not lost spiritual independence, not dropped out of the "mainstream" of world architectural and artistic thought and not changed its cultural orientation on the most civilized Nations of the world.

Of course, the enormous difficulties faced by the country and the people, could not affect the architecture - "the mirror of the epoch". Save accounted for all, including for stone construction. But the architecture as art, live by their own laws, and certain of its achievements are not linked with the amount of investment and the time spent on the creation of the monument.

And such surviving masterpieces style "ambitious economy, as Nicholas Church in Kamenskoye and the Church of the Nativity of the virgin in Gorodnya, we can rightly be compared with the best samples and pre and post-Mongol of ancient Russian architecture. According to the author of this book, after a radical review of illegal stereotype perception of these temples as "provincial, naive and backward", a magnificent Grand Church in Kamensky and Gorodnya shall have the right to occupy a proper place in anthologies and textbooks on the history of architecture.

And reconstructed us Moscow Dormition Cathedral 1326-1327 years does not look "ugly duckling" or opposite to Uspensky Cathedral in Vladimir or near the Trinity Cathedral of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, nor near the assumption Cathedral, Aristotle Fioravanti. Just "there is a season, and a time to every purpose under heaven" (the EC. 3:1).

 

Applications, notes

 

Sergey Zagraevsky

 

Introduction

Chapter I. The epoch of Dmitry Donskoy?

Chapter II. The epoch of Daniil of Moscow and his sons

Chapter III: Tver Grand Duchy

Chapter IV. The epoch of ambitious economy

Conclusion

Applications, notes

 

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