Published in Russian: Çàãðàåâñêèé Ñ.Â. Çîä÷åñòâî Ñåâåðî-Âîñòî÷íîé Ðóñè êîíöà XIII–ïåðâîé òðåòè XIV âåêà. Ì.: Àëåâ-Â, 2003. ISBN 5-94025-046-7
The book formed the basis for a dissertation for the degree of Ph. D. in Architecture, specialty 18.00.01 ("Theory and history of architecture, restoration and reconstruction of historical and architectural heritage ")
The following text was translated from Russian original by the computer program
and has not yet been edited.
So it can be used only for general introduction.
So, in actual fact "dark time" in the history of ancient architecture is not so evil. In total, we were able to identify sixteen stone temples, built in the end of XIII century to the first third of the XIV century (see item 3 of the main 4), and in this number we have not included the controversial assumption Cathedral of the founding of the monastery.
And based on what we know about the architecture of this period, we may say that in the most difficult times of the Mongol yoke of North-Eastern Russia has not lost spiritual independence, not dropped out of the "mainstream" of world architectural and artistic thought and not changed its cultural orientation on the most civilized Nations of the world.
Of course, the enormous difficulties faced by the country and the people, could not affect the architecture - "the mirror of the epoch". Save accounted for all, including for stone construction. But the architecture as art, live by their own laws, and certain of its achievements are not linked with the amount of investment and the time spent on the creation of the monument.
such surviving masterpieces style "ambitious economy, as Nicholas Church
in Kamenskoye and the Church of the Nativity of the virgin in Gorodnya, we can
rightly be compared with the best samples and pre and post-Mongol of ancient
Russian architecture. According to the author of this book, after a radical
review of illegal stereotype perception of these temples as "provincial,
naive and backward", a magnificent
And reconstructed us Moscow Dormition Cathedral 1326-1327 years does not look "ugly duckling" or opposite to Uspensky Cathedral in Vladimir or near the Trinity Cathedral of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, nor near the assumption Cathedral, Aristotle Fioravanti. Just "there is a season, and a time to every purpose under heaven" (the EC. 3:1).
© Sergey Zagraevsky