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S. V. Zagraevsky

 

New researches of architectural monuments

of Alexandrov Sloboda

 

 

Published in Russian: .. . M.: -, 2008. ISBN 5-94025-095-5

 

Annotation

 

Professor S.V. Zagraevsky dedicated his new researches of architectural monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda to the controversial issues of the date and the authorship of the Trinity (previously Intersession) Cathedral, the bell tower of Crucifixion (formerly the Church of Metropolitan Alexei), Intersession (previously Trinity) and Assumption churches.

The dating of these temples by 1510-s, proposed by the outstanding researcher of Sloboda monuments W.W. Kawelmacher, is confirmed.

A high probability that the author of the palace-temple complex of Grand Prince Vasily III in Alexandrov Sloboda was the architect of Archangel Cathedral in Moscow - Aleviz New, is shown.

The reconstruction of the Church of Metropolitan Alexei is adjusted.

The question of the origin of ancient Russian hipped-roof architecture is studied considering the fact that the first hipped-roof temple in Russia was Intersession (previously Trinity) church in Alexandrov Sloboda.

The Appendix contains the biography of W.W. Kawelmacher (1933-2004) and the authors memories about him.

This publication is dedicated to the memory of W.W. Kawelmacher and is a donation of the author to the Museum "Alexandrov Sloboda".

  

Introduction

Chapter 1. The questions of the date of architectural monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda of XVI c.

Chapter 2. The reconstruction of Alexey Mitropolit Church

Chapter 3. A possible author of architectural monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda of 1510s

Chapter 4. The origin of hipped roof architecture

Annex. Wolfgang Kawelmacher

Part 1. W.W. Kawelmacher the historian of architecture and restorer

Part 2. W.W. Kawelmachers bibliography

Part 3. A little about my father (memoirs about W.W. Kawelmacher)

Part 4. W.W. Kawelmachers obituary

Notes

 

Attention!

The following text was translated from Russian original by the computer program

and has not yet been edited.

So it can be used only for general introduction.

  RUSSIAN VERSION

 

 

PREFACE

Reserve Museum "Alexandrovskaya Sloboda"

 

The presence of distinguished by its artistic level and the historical importance of the monuments of architecture Alexander settlement have made it one of the most attractive objects of research since the end of XIX century. According to the outstanding scientist A.I. Nekrasov, "monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda - not any provincial structures, and are standing in the first row%2

The book SV zagraevsky "New study of architectural monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda" - a tribute to his father, who devoted more than 20 years studying the unique medieval ensemble, Kavelmahera. Great connoisseur of early Moscow architecture, Italian architecture, Wolfgang Volfgangovich investigated the temples of XIV-XVI centuries in Mozhaisk, Volokolamsk, Kolomna, Sergiev Posad, Zvenigorod, worked on the Dating of monuments of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, the Iosifo-Volokolamsk and Novodevichy monasteries, worked on the construction history and reconstruction of the original form of the cathedrals of the Moscow Kremlin. Alexandrovskaya Sloboda was for him not just another object, it was his sincere affection for life. His many years of work in the Museum "Alexandrovskaya Sloboda" it is difficult to overestimate.

It is here, in the village, Wolfgang volfgangovicha were born completely new perspectives on the history of Russian architecture of the late middle ages, in particular, on the Dating of the largest monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda: the Trinity Cathedral, Crucifixion and intercession churches.

Sergey Volfgangovich in his work defending the fundamental views of the father, adding new arguments. I can't judge about these most complicated scientific problems, disputes which do not cease to this day. Not oborvis so suddenly life Wolfgang volfgangovicha, it would be found a lot of new evidence, the results of the architectural and archaeological research, which in recent years so successfully carried out by the Moscow archaeologist Mevinolin and archaeologists Hermitage Svetosistem and Eaaou. Their findings confirm many assumptions Kavelmahera. Open the remains unseen lost constructions of the ensemble: the fortress walls, palaces navigation-galleries.

We, the staff of the Museum, it is extremely important to all aspects of the study of the monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda, a multiplicity of points of view, first of all, connected with their Dating. And we are grateful Svedarausko for his work, for the efforts that he is making for the further study of the scientific heritage of the father, for the memory of W.W. kawelmacher as amazing man and unique researcher.

 

A. petruhno,

Director of the Museum "Alexandrovskaya Sloboda",

Honored worker of culture of the Russian Federation.




Chapter 1. The questions of the date of architectural monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda of XVI c.

  

Sergey Zagraevsky

 

Introduction

Chapter 1. The questions of the date of architectural monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda of XVI c.

Chapter 2. The reconstruction of Alexey Mitropolit Church

Chapter 3. A possible author of architectural monuments of Alexandrov Sloboda of 1510s

Chapter 4. The origin of hipped roof architecture

Annex. Wolfgang Kawelmacher

Part 1. W.W. Kawelmacher the historian of architecture and restorer

Part 2. W.W. Kawelmachers bibliography

Part 3. A little about my father (memoirs about W.W. Kawelmacher)

Part 4. W.W. Kawelmachers obituary

Notes

 

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