Jury Dolgoruky and ancient Russian white stone architecture
Published in Russian: Çàãðàåâñêèé Ñ.Â. Þðèé Äîëãîðóêèé è äðåâíåðóññêîå áåëîêàìåííîå çîä÷åñòâî. M.: Àëåâ-Â, 2001. ISBN 5-94025-014-9
The following text was translated from Russian original by the computer program
and has not yet been edited.
So it can be used only for general introduction.
Yury Dolgoruky was spoken
and written about a lot. His views on very controversial
personality and very ambiguous historical role as ambiguous. This is
also the founder of Moscow with grandiose statue on Tverskaya,
and treacherous greedy, pulled greedy hands from Suzdal to
Perhaps, we should not condemn nor justify Yuri. But in its historical portrait make one additional feature: it Dolgoruky has made a decisive breakthrough in the "Europeanization" of Vladimir-Suzdal region, and possibly the entire Russian land.
afraid to say that in importance to culture and politics of
this "breakthrough" Dolgoruky was in the
other fields of cultural activity. It is unlikely, as Peter I, shaved their
beards boyars and dressed them in European dress. But if Yuri was spending huge
funds on the "romanization" of
architecture, we have the right to prevent and some other of his actions
"in the style of Peter I. Even training craftsmen in
And the descendants of George, Andrew Bogolyubsky, Vsevolod the Big Nest, Yuri and Konstantin Vsevolodovich - walking down the road, beaten Dolgoruky. And after the precedent set in the middle of the XII century, the "Europeanization" was given to them much easier.
course, if this "Europeanization" was an end in itself, it is
unlikely that it justifies the huge expenditures on the construction of a truly Golden temples. But if it was one of the actions
aimed at the rise of the Suzdal region, then the
policy is clear, logical and reasonable. Because, ultimately, it has allowed
the Vladimir-Suzdal not lose their national culture
and independence during the Mongol yoke, to defend independence and be reborn
under a new name -
historical merit Dolgoruky is not only that he
founded a small fortress that after three hundred years, was the capital of the
centralized Russian state. Yuri laid and political,
and cultural base for the centre of such a state was Suzdal
region. As the capital of the "all
What is the price given is the rise of Suzdal land is another question. We admire the Foundation of St. Petersburg, rarely thinking about the fact that at this time in the rest of Russia has stopped construction of a stone, and of the thousands of people who, "to life by appealing these wilds barren, death has found there myself."
And Yuri Dolgoruky, probably, were other, more bloodless and economical way to accomplish his political objectives. But hardly we have the right of XXI century strictly to judge people XII century.
© Sergey Zagraevsky